Vinyl floor type: tile, sheet vinyl, luxury vinyl

Vinyl floor has existed for more than 100 years. It was originally invented to replace the original elastic floor material linoleum. In the 1940s, vinyl flooring became very popular in areas where resilience, durability and water resistance were important. Bathrooms and kitchens have always been the main areas where vinyl flooring products are used. Although vinyl flooring is not completely immune to the harshness of these rooms, it is water resistant and easy to clean and maintain, making it a low-cost, low hassle flooring option.

Composition of vinyl flooring

By introducing PVC, a synthetic plastic containing carbon, hydrogen and chlorine, vinyl flooring has become a truly viable flooring material. In the traditional vinyl or vinyl sheet, the floor material is a composite product. One layer of PVC is bonded to the fiber core and covered with a printed design layer and a hard, transparent wear-resistant layer. The difference between high quality and low quality is the thickness of the product and the toughness of the wear-resistant layer.

Today, vinyl flooring can take many forms, including sheet flooring, vinyl composite tiles and a new product called luxury vinyl tiles or boards (called LVT or LVF). No matter which type of vinyl floor you choose, vinyl has the following obvious advantages:


Vinyl flooring is surprisingly hard, even though it has a soft sole.

Water resistance

The main reason why vinyl flooring is popular in bathrooms and kitchens is that it is moisture-proof, moisture-proof and moisture-proof. Although it may be slightly weak at the joints, water is largely impervious to the surface of the material, thus not damaging the underlying floor.

Convenient maintenance

Vinyl base plates are easy to clean. It can resist dirt, stains, scratches and stabs, but it can also be pierced if the heavy furniture legs are not equipped with protective pads. It may also turn slightly yellow if exposed to direct sunlight (although high quality products have UV protection). Please note that carpets containing rubber backing can cause chemical reactions that can contaminate vinyl.

Vinyl composite brick

Vinyl composite tile (VCT) is a mixture of natural powdered limestone, filler materials, thermoplastic adhesives and color pigments. It is made by fusing these materials into solid sheets and then cutting them into tiles. VCT usually needs surface polishing to protect its porous surface, so its maintenance cost is not as low as that of vinyl sheet, which only needs conventional cleaning and wiping. This is the first widely popular form of vinyl flooring, but now it's not as popular as flake vinyl or luxury vinyl.

High maintenance costs can lead to VCT installations with longer life costs than other forms of vinyl flooring. Moreover, although VCT has a variety of colors and patterns, it cannot meet the same level of texture and design versatility of other types of vinyl base plates. There are many seams between the tiles, which means the floor will not be as moisture resistant as vinyl sheets. Seepage of water from the joints will cause the base layer to relax.

Generally, vinyl tiles are bonded to the underlying layer with towel adhesive or peel adhesive. This is the most economical form of vinyl flooring. DIYer is very easy to install because each part is very easy to manage.

Flake vinyl

Vinyl sheet flooring is made of a continuous polymer material with a width of about 6 to 16 feet. It is made of PVC digital graphic "film" layer, which makes the floor have its pattern and color, and then glue it to the base layer of felt or fiber material. Above the top, there is a protective jacket to protect the PVC layer.

Because vinyl is rolled in large rolls, there are almost no seams and it is more waterproof. Smaller rooms may not need seams at all to cover the space with completely impervious floor material.

Vinyl sheets can be installed in a variety of ways, including fully glued, bonded around, or even "floating" on the lining. Installing vinyl sheets can be unwieldy, so it's not a popular DIY project.

Vinyl flooring usually costs slightly more than tiles. It is still very popular, but is gradually being replaced by luxury vinyl flooring (LVF).

Luxury vinyl flooring (LVF)

When the floor is tile or plank, LVF is sometimes called LVT or LFP. It is made of limestone based material and PVC composite material. Felt without a fiber layer so that it is a solid material throughout its thickness. Although it still has some flexibility, it is much harder than vinyl sheet or vinyl sheet. This quality enables it to be installed through improved mortise and groove system, through which each "brick" or "board" can be "stuck". There is a digital graphic film layer on the composite, which can cover almost all the required appearance and a very tough wear-resistant layer.

Although luxury vinyl is the most expensive of the three vinyl based boards, its durability and ease of maintenance make it a more cost-effective option in the long run. Graphic processing is much better than vinyl sheet processing, which means that the floor can be very effective in imitating wood, stone, ceramics and even metal.

Luxury vinyl comes in many forms, from a square tile about 1 x 1 foot in size to a five foot long board similar to a laminate or wood floor. For this reason, combined with water resistance, luxury vinyl quickly replaced plastic laminates as a better choice for bathrooms, kitchens and other damp prone areas. For example, plastic laminate flooring may be a problematic option for underground or concrete floors, while luxury vinyl works well. Luxury vinyl tiles and boards are also easy to install, coupled with their excellent appearance and performance, quickly making luxury vinyl flooring the preferred floor in many parts of the family.

Cost considerations

Another ultimate advantage of choosing vinyl for bathroom floors is that it can be very economical. Low end vinyl costs as little as 50 cents to $1 per square foot. However, cheap vinyl materials will not be as durable as high-quality products, with low maintenance costs or resistance to stains and wear. Higher end vinyl, which is more expensive to install and more durable, costs between $2 and $10 per square foot. You can install your own flooring to cut costs in half.

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